Understanding Anemia: Key Facts Everyone Should Know

Anemia is considered a common blood disorder which affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when you have a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or when your red blood cells don’t function properly. As a result, your blood has a reduced ability to carry oxygen throughout your body.

Each type of Anemia has its own causes and symptoms. The most common type is iron-deficiency anemia, which affects nearly 1 billion people globally. Other types include anemia due to vitamin B12 or folate deficiency, anemia of chronic disease, hemolytic anemia, and inherited disorders like sickle cell anemia and thalassemia.

What is Anemia?

Anemia is a blood disorder characterized by a reduced ability of the blood to carry oxygen throughout the body. This condition can result from a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells, a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin available for oxygen transport, or abnormalities in hemoglobin that impair its function. The severity of anemia depends on the level of hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Hemoglobin formation requires iron, so most people with anemia have an iron deficiency.

What are the Symptoms of Anemia?

Depending on the type and severity of the condition the symptoms of Anemia can differ. However, some common symptoms include:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Pale skin
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Chest pain
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Difficulty concentrating

It’s important to note that some people with anemia may not experience any symptoms at all, especially in the early stages of the condition.

Causes of Anemia

Anemia can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Blood loss, such as from heavy menstrual periods or internal bleeding
  • Decreased red blood cell production due to vitamin or mineral deficiencies (iron, vitamin B12, folate), chronic diseases, or bone marrow problems.
  • Increased red blood cell breakdown or destruction.

Certain factors can increase your risk of developing anemia, such as pregnancy, a poor diet, certain medications, and underlying medical conditions like celiac disease or chronic kidney disease.

What are the Types of Anemia? 

  1. Iron-Deficiency Anemia: Iron-deficiency anemia is a common form of anemia that predominantly affects women, especially during pregnancy. This type of anemia occurs when the body lacks sufficient iron to transport oxygen effectively throughout the bloodstream. Symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia may include:
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Dizziness
  • Increased heart rate
  • Pale skin
  • Unusual food cravings like mud or ice
  • Hair loss
  • Swelling of the tongue
  1. Aplastic Anemia: Aplastic anemia is characterized by the body’s inability to produce an adequate number of red blood cells due to damage to the bone marrow.
  2. Hemolytic Anemia: Hemolytic anemia occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys its red blood cells.
  3. Pernicious Anemia: Pernicious anemia results from a deficiency in vitamin B12, leading to impaired red blood cell production.
  4. Normocytic Anemia: Normocytic anemia occurs when there is a decrease in the number of red blood cells, often with normal cell size.
  5. Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder that affects the shape and function of red blood cells, leading to various complications.

Each type of anemia has distinct causes, symptoms, and treatment approaches. Understanding the specific type of anemia, you may have been crucial for effective management and treatment. If you suspect you have symptoms of anemia, consult a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and personalized care.

Treatment and Prevention of Anemia 

  • Treatment: Treatment for anemia varies based on the underlying cause. Iron-deficiency anemia often requires iron supplements or dietary adjustments. Vitamin deficiency anemias may necessitate supplements or dietary modifications. Medications, blood transfusions, or surgery may be needed for specific types of anemia. Adhering to the treatment plan prescribed by healthcare providers is crucial for effective management.
  • Prevention: Preventing anemia involves maintaining a balanced diet rich in iron, vitamin B12, folate, and vitamin C. Regular consumption of iron-rich foods, managing underlying health conditions, and addressing any signs of internal bleeding promptly are key preventive measures. Regular check-ups to monitor blood counts and address deficiencies promptly play a vital role in preventing and managing anemia effectively.

Murli Krishna Pharma’s Transdermal Lotion Aids in Curing Anemia 

Murli Krishna Pharma Pvt. Ltd (https://www.murlikrishnapharma.com/), a leading pharmaceutical company in India, has introduced an innovative product called “Transdermal Lotion” to treat anemia effectively. This innovative solution offers a convenient and patient-friendly approach to administering anemia treatment through a metered dose application on the skin.

The Transdermal Lotion delivers essential nutrients like calcium, folate, vitamin B12, and vitamin D3. This product aligns with the Indian government’s mission of “Anemia Mukt Bharat” (Anemia-Free India) and works on the 6X6X6 strategy suggested by the authorities.

The Transdermal Lotion has proven to be more effective than oral pills in helping children recover from anemia caused by malnutrition. Murli Krishna Pharma has donated bottles of the Transdermal Lotion to the Paediatrics Department of the Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Hospital (Sion Hospital) in Mumbai and plans to expand its reach to other hospitals, contributing to the government’s mission of eradicating anemia. Check for More! (https://www.murlikrishnapharma.com/product/fortified-micro-nutrient-liposomal-iron-lotion/ )